In this clip from – Todd Brabec is the Vice President and Director of Membership for the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP). He talks about the 1948 decision. ASCAP had an exclusive contract with their writers. Thus, ASCAP had to be the negotiating party for the writers in all circumstances. The 1948 decision ruled that as an antitrust violation however. Brabec explains that current contracts allow writers and publishers to bypass ASCAP or BMI and directly license to users. Also in this segment, Brabec covers the decision’s effect on motion picture monies in the United States. Since the provision remained from the decision, motion pictures do not pay money in the United States. He emphasizes that performance royalties for films are a major source of income in foreign territories.